The education system has changed worldwide. Schools used to be the source of knowledge, a place where learners are prepared for exams. Thus, teaching was mostly exam preparation especially in the final years of the secondary schools.
Nowadays schools need to teach their learners how to gain information and how to select and use them. This happens so instantaneously that students learn how to use the Internet together with their teachers. Parents are involved in decision-making so they take part in the life of the school.
The changes that took place in schools have changed the roles of teachers, too. In the past teachers used to be the major source of knowledge, the leader and educator of their students’ life. They used to be the authority in the class and often took over the role of parents. Nowadays, teachers provide information and show their students how to tackle them. Although they are still considered to be a kind of leader in the class, they can be thought of as facilitators in the learning process. They are supporters rather than educators and also advisors towards parents.
First of all, teachers in modern classrooms are no longer lecturers, they are facilitators, their main role is to set goals and organise the learning process accordingly. In the past, teachers used to follow a syllabus which was compulsory for them. Nowadays, teachers have a National Curriculum, a Core Curriculum and a local (school) curriculum that they have to consider, but – on the other hand – they have independence to choose the teaching materials (textbook), make up a syllabus of their own and teach their pupils so that they can perform well both at examinations and in life.
Another difference between the past and present tasks of teachers is represented by the latest technology they need to be able to use and handle effectively (computer, photocopier, powerpoint, projectors, etc). Instead of teaching chalk face, they need to be an information technology expert, a technician or/and a photocopy master.